Women wearing hijabs (Muslim headscarves) are being discriminated against by businesses in Egypt, a BBC Arabic investigation has discovered.
The evidence appears to violate Egypt’s constitution, which bans discrimination based on religion, sex, race or social class.
Since 2015, some Egyptian women wearing a hijab have taken to social media to complain about such treatment.
Mayar Omar, a 25-year-old research executive from Cairo, says she has faced repeated problems going to some high-end restaurants.
“You want to feel that you can be yourself when you enter a venue and no-one is forcing you to do something, or make you feel that you are the cause of a problem for the venue or your friends.”
On hijabi lifestyle social media groups, PaknWorld News Arabic found what appears to be a growing trend, with women accusing numerous venues of refusing them entry if they are wearing a hijab.
“In most cases the main cause is classism,” Nada Nashat, a lawyer and women’s rights activist, said. “So we find discrimination against hijabi women in venues that like to present themselves as upper-middle or upper class.
“But we also find discrimination against non-hijabi women in lower and middle classes.”